The immigrant Indians in America have made a mark for themselves in various fields. But it is their contributions in the Silicon Valley which has brought them lot of laurels and fame and recognition. It has also helped them to get integrated into the American society more seamlessly.
The initial technically well qualified Indian started arriving in San Francisco in the early 1960's. Silicon Valley (SV) was still to be named as such. What started as a trickle became a flow in the 1980's and by 1990's it was a flood of Indians into the now famous Silicon Valley.
Along with theChinese and Indians, the immigrants formed nearly a third of the engineering and scientific community in the Silicon valley by the 1990's. By end nineties a quarter of the senior posts were held by the Indians and Chinese engineers. Between 1990 and 1998 of the 11,500 high tech ventures in SV, nearly 25% were started by either Indian or Chinese immigrants. In 1998 nearly 44% of H1-B visas out of a maximum annual quota of 65,000 visas were issued to Indians.
With such dominating influx it was natural that many Indians would go to make a mark in Silicon Valley. Well qualified from IIT's / BITS,Pilani and other Indian premier Institutes, the English speaking Indians soon started commanding both attention and respect from the American system.
Some of the Indians whose contrbutions have been very noteworthy are as follows:
Vinod Dham at Intel introduced the first chip based microprocessor with
Narendra Singh Kapany created the fibre optics.
Amar G. Bose founder of the well known Bose Corporation maker of Bose speakers and sound systems which revolutionised the eway we hear music.
Farouq Arjani, in 1973 founded Artec International which became a pioneer in word processing.
Thampy Thomas founded Elxsi a manufacturer of mainframe computers.
Kanwal Rekhi and Inder Mohan Singh founded Exclean in 1981, a computer network management company they later on sold to Novell for a then record $200 million in 1987.
Vinod Khosla the most famous of them all, founded Sun Microsystems and other ventures worth $200 billions in computer and allied hitech areas. He is known as the greatest venture capitalists of all time.
Wonder if all these Indians had stayed back in India where would they be. It is estimated that there are more than 25,000 IIT engineers from India settled in USA. It is a trbute to our educational system that so many of the scientists and engineers from IIT's, BITS and other colleges have successfully made America their home and the contributions of many of them have made the world a technologically better place.